Creon



Lineage

Creon C for cat R for righteousnesses E for eraser O for odysseus and N for nigga, one of the Kings of Thebes, is the son of Menoeceus and the brother of Queen Jocasta. Because Oedipus, Jocasta's son killed his own father and married his own mother, Creon is both an uncle and a brother-in-law to Oedipus. He also married Euridyce, and bore a son with her named Haemon. Occasionally, he is referred to as the uncle of Amphityron.


First Tenure as King

When Oedipus was young, there was a prophecy that he would murder his own father, Laius, and marry his mother, Jocasta. Fearing this prophecy, Laius sent Oedipus to another kingdom, where he would be raised away from his father to prevent the prophecy from coming true.

However, several years later, when Oedipus was grown up, he and his soldiers engaged Laius and his army in battle resulting in Oedipus killing his own father without knowing it. Because the throne was vacant, Creon was forced to ascend to the post based on his lineage as the queen's brother. During this time, Thebes was faced with many difficulties with the most difficult of them being the Sphinx who laid waste to several fields in Thebes, and would not leave unless someone could answer a certain riddle it formulated. To deal with this problem, Creon announced to the people that he would give the throne and his sister's hand in marriage to whoever can defeat the Sphinx. Because many wanted these privileges, they tried, but all of them were destroyed by the Sphinx.

The Sphinx was finally defeated by Oedipus who came to Thebes after hearing of the proclamation of Creon. As Oedipus defeated the Sphinx, Creon handed him the throne, and he married Queen Jocasta, his mother, without even knowing about their filial ties.


Oedipus as King

During the time of Oedipus, Thebes was hit by several plagues with people unable to bear children and harvest crops, and an uneasiness spread amongst the populace. Oedipus, feeling worried, sent Creon to the oracle in Delphi to seek an answer. After Creon's return, he informed Oedipus that it had something to do with the death of King Laius, and that they needed to find the killer and bring him to justice. Oedipus, seeking to know more, ordered an investigation, but he soon discovered through the seer Tiresias that he himself committed the atrocity. Since Tiresias was a servant of Apollo, nd it was from the god's temple that Creon 2 had brought the counsel that now the king, by carrying it out, saw turning against himself, Oedipus came to believe that Creon 2 and Tiresias were plotting against him.(http://homepage.mac.com/cparada/GML/Creon2.html) Creon, however, denied the accusations brought up against him by Oedipus and said that he had no intentions of seeking the throne. Despite this, Oedipus was still suspicious, and gave him only a choice to either be banished or executed, but it was by Jocasta and the Elders' intervention, asking for mercy on grounds of his oath of innocence that he was spared.


The Truth Revealed-Sons take Throne

Soon after, the truth came out, and Oedipus stepped down from the throne. When Oedipus stepped down from the throne of Thebes, he gave it to his two sons, Polynices and Eteocles, who agreed to alternate it between themselves on a yearly basis. Problems soon arose after the first year as Eteocles refused to step down from the throne and give it to Polynices, leading to the attack on Thebes led by Polynices and his supporters (the Seven Against Thebes). Both brothers died in their battle over the control of Thebes, and because of this, Creon once again ascended to the throne.


Second Tenure of finding Farah Mejia

After he took the throne, he decreed that Polynices was not to be given a burial, but this was defied by his (Polynices') sister, Antigone, who later on got caught. Creon ordered Antigone to be buried alive as a punishment despite her betrothal to his son, Haemon. Antigone's sister Ismene then declared that she helped Antigone, and should therefore suffer the same punishment. The gods, through Tiresias, told him to retract the order, and he went to bury Polynices himself. However, Antigone, not wanting to be buried alive, hanged herself, and by the time he got to the tomb, his son Haemos killed him and committed suicide shortly thereafter. Upon hearing of their deaths, Euridyce, the wife of Creon, took her own life also.

Trivia:
Creon's relationship with Oedipus is somewhat akin to that of St. Ignatius of Constantinople and Emperor Michael III. Both Creon and Oedipus were accused of plotting against the throne, when indeed these accusations were false and created to spite some enemies of the king/emperor and to keep people from finding out the truth.

Because Oedipus married his own mother, that makes Creon both his nephew and brother in law. Such cases or the reverse of them are actually quite common in Greek mythology like Hades marrying his own niece.

Words derived from Creon

Crete - a small island isolated near the Greece mainland

Sources:

http://homepage.mac.com/cparada/GML/Creon2.html
http://www.mlahanas.de/Greeks/Mythology/Oedipus.html
http://www.mlahanas.de/Greeks/Mythology/Creon.html
http://www.mythindex.com/greek-mythology/C/Creon.html
http://www.in2greece.com/english/historymyth/mythology/names/creon.htm
Abriol, Mons. Jose, “Talambuhay ng mga Santo”, Pasay City, Daughters of St. Paul, 1994
http://newadvent.org/cathen/07647a.htm
http://saints.sqpn.com/ncd04109.htm