APOLLO



Apollo_head.jpgapollo_handsome.jpg
"HANDSOME. :>"

Alternate names:

A. God of the sun
B. God of the arts( Music particularly the lyre, Poetry and Dance)
C. God of medicine
D. Protector of herds men and their flock
E. God of prophecy and oracles
F. God of archery
G. God of healing
H. God of plague and disease


Background:


As the patron of Delphi (Pythian Apollo), Apollo was an oracular god—the prophetic deity of the Delphic Oracle. Medicine and healing were associated with Apollo, whether through the god himself or mediated through his son Asclepius, yet Apollo was also seen as a god who could bring ill-health and deadly plague as well as one who had the ability to cure. Amongst the god's custodial charges, Apollo became associated with dominion over colonists, and as the patron defender of herds and flocks. As the leader of the Muses (Apollon Musagetes) and director of their choir, Apollo functioned as the patron god of music and poetry. Hermes lyre for him, and the instrument became a common attribute of Apollo. Hymns sung to Apollo were called paeans.

Family life:

The son of Zeus and Leto, and the twin brother of Artemis.


Partners in life:


A. Girls
B. Guys

A. Girls
1.
Daphne(Nymph)
- Daughter of the river God, Ladon.
2. Cyrene(Nymph)
- Bore him a son, Aristaeus(Demi-God).
3.
Hecuba(Mortal)
- Wife of Priam, king of Troy.
- Bore him a son, Troilius.
4.
Cassandra
- Daughter of Priam and Hecuba, sister of Troilius.
5.
Coronis
- Daughter of Phlegyas.
- Bore him a son named, Asclepius.

B. Guys
1.
Hyacintus(Spartan prince)
- Handsome and Athletic
2.
Cyparissus
- Descendant of Heracles


Short Description:

He was depicted as a handsome, beardless youth with long hair and various attributes including:--a wreath and branch of laurel; bow and quiver; raven; and lyre.

apollo.jpg

Important events in his life:

  • His birth on the island of Delos;
  • The slaying of the serpent Python which guarded the oracular shrine of Delphoi;
  • The slaying of the giant Tityos who attempted to carry off the god's mother Leto;
  • The destruction of the Niobedes whose mother had offended Leto with her boasts;
  • His music contest with the satyr Marsyas who lost and was flayed alive;
  • The murder of the Kyklopes who had forged the lightning bolt used to destroy his son Asklepios;
  • His service as bondsman to the mortal Admetos;
  • His struggle with Herakles for the Delphic tripod;
  • The Trojan War in which he brought plague to the Greeks and helped Paris slay Achilles.

Emblems

-Identified with Helios, the Sun-God.
-His plant was the Laurel.
-He represented the perfection of youthful manhood.
-His greatest shrine was that of the famous Oracle at Delphi, which he gained by killing the Python, a dragon -which formerly guarded the place.
-Attributes are the bow, quiver and lyre.
-A couple of Crows has been associated with Apollo who cursed one of them and it became black instead of white. A man called Aristaeas said he turned into a Crow when he followed Apollo. Since Daphne, pursued by Apollo, changed into a Laurel tree, the god is associated
with the Laurel because he broke a branch from the tree and placed it on his head.

Apollo in the Odyssey:

In the Odyssey, Odysseus and his surviving crew landed on an island sacred to Helios the sun god, where he kept sacred cattle. Though Odysseus warned his men not to (as Tiresias and kirke had told him), they killed and ate some of the cattle and Helios had Zeus destroy the ship and all the men save Odysseus.

Apollo in Oedipus Rex:

In Oedipus Rex, Apollo was basically one of the main Gods. The people would turn to him for prayer and to seek answers. The prayers of the people would come in songs. Apollo was also the one who gave Oedipus strength at the end of the story.

Apollo in the Trojan War:

Apollo shot arrows infected with the plague into the Greek encampment during the Trojan War in retribution for Agamemnon's insult to Chryses, a priest of Apollo whose daughter Chryseis had been captured. He demanded her return, and the Achaeans complied, indirectly causing the anger of Achilles, which is the theme of the Iliad.
When Diomedes injured Aeneas (Iliad), Apollo rescued him. First, Aphrodite tried to rescue Aeneas but Diomedes injured her as well. Aeneas was then enveloped in a cloud by Apollo, who took him to Pergamos, a sacred spot in Troy.
Apollo aided Paris in the killing of Achilles by guiding the arrow of his bow into Achilles' heel. One interpretation of his motive is that it was in revenge for Achilles' sacrilege in murdering Troilus, the god's own son by Hecuba, on the very altar of the god's own temple.
Trivia:
Usually, depicted as a handsome, beardless youth in art.

Sources:
http://www.pantheon.org/articles/a/apollo.html
http://www.theoi.com/Olympios/Apollon.html
http://www.in2greece.com/english/historymyth/mythology/names/apollo.htm
http://www.occultopedia.com/a/apollo.htm
http://homepage.mac.com/cparada/GML/OLYMPIANS.html
http://www.crystalinks.com/apollo.html
http://www.pathguy.com/oedipus.htm
http://www.mythweb.com/gods/Apollo_easy.html

http://www.mythencyclopedia.com/Am-Ar/Apollo.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apollo
http://ancienthistory.about.com/cs/grecoromanmyth1/p/Apollo.htm
http://www.google.com.ph/imglanding?q=apollo&imgurl=http:felc.gdufs.edu.cn/jth/myth/Greek%2520Online/new%2520picture/apollo.jpg&imgrefurl=http://felc.gdufs.edu.cn/jth/myth/Greek%2520Online/5Apollo.htm&usg=___sneWh1NSP0K2GKn6rizq0vFW54=&h=473&w=409&sz=52&hl=en&itbs=1&tbnid=XriOOTxeSJqlRM:&tbnh=129&tbnw=112&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dapollo%26start%3D20%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DN%26gbv%3D2%26ndsp%3D20%26tbs%3Disch:1&start=23&sa=N&gbv=2&ndsp=20&tbs=isch:1#tbnid=XriOOTxeSJqlRM&start=27


Words for Apollo:
1. Apollo (Oxford)
the American space program for landing astronauts on the moon.
Apollo 8 was the first mission to orbit the moon (1968), Apollo 11 was the first to land astronauts (July 20, 1969), and five further landings took place up to 1972.

apollonian adj[L Apollo, fr. Gk Apollon// Apollo, god of sunlight, prophecy, music, and poetry] : harmonious, measured, ordered, or balanced in character
http://library.oakland.edu/information/people/personal/kraemer/edcm/a.html